An incident is considered as a dental emergency when acute (severe) pain occurs due to some existing inflammation or abscess. In these cases the patient should take a painkiller (e.g paracetamol or any painkiller that the patient has used as a counterpain pill in the past to avoid any allergic reactions by obtaining any new random painkiller) and look for dental care as soon as possible. In no case should the patient seek to receive any antibiotic without a dental prescription after consultation.
The most frequent cases of dental emergencies are associated with large cavities due to dental caries that are not promptly diagnosed and progressively approached the nerve of the tooth causing intolerable pain. Dental emergencies can also occur to necrotic-infected teeth due to chronic infection causing an abscess. Of course tooth trauma (injuries) is very commonly seen as a dental emergency too. In all cases the patient should immediately contact the dentist for pain relief or pharmaceutical coverage with a dental prescription once the problem is diagnosed.